Do school-based interventions prevent HIV, sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy?
Professor Cathy Mathews and Dr Amanda Mason-Jones, from the Adolescent Health Research Unit, have recently published a Cochrane review that examined school-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy in adolescents. The review received lots of media coverage ranging from Science Daily, Medical Xpress and IOL.
The review addressed an important question: Do school-based interventions prevent HIV, sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy? The review highlighted that sex education is failing to delay sexual activity and reduce sexual transmitted infections among adolescents. The data in the review came from more than 55 000 adolescents across Europe, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa. The review also found as stated by Mason-Jones in her The Conversation piece: “providing a small payment or giving away a free school uniform can incentivise the young to stay in school for longer, especially in places where there are financial barriers to attending . . . it also reveals that the approach could prevent 3 in every 10 pregnancies among the age group globally”.
The Cochrane review can be accessed by clicking here.